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Interesting facts about Bonaparte

A great spirit in in inconspicous body – Napoleon Bonaparte was merely 168 cm tall…but his influence on history was enormous.
An inhabitant of Corsica, coming from an impoverished family, he had numerous siblings and spent his childhood with parents, three sisters and four brothers.
First, Napoleon attended school on Corsica, and then in Paris; it was also in the latter city that he continued his education, attending military school.
At the age of 10, Napoleon put on his head a tricorne (three-cornered hat), to never part with it any more, not even during battles.
Bonaparte quickly gained popularity as a perfect strategist and military commander – he became a French division general as soon as at the age of 27.
His person is associated with the events which took place during the French Revolution, in which he had initially wanted to ally with the inhabitants of his native island. It was only after Napoleon had been rebuffed by the leader of Corsican insurgents that he joined the ranks of the French revolutionary army.
Capturing Tulon made Bonaparte famous, and resulted in him becoming a brigade general, and soon after a division commander. Napoleon Bonaparte married a widowed aristocrat, Joséphine de Beauharnais, to assume the command of the French troops fighting Austria in Italy afterwards.
The campaigns in Italy (Treaty of Campo Formio), and also in Egypt (conquest of Malta and Lower Egypt, including Alexandria, the Battle of Aboukir Bay, and Battle of the Pyramids) – paved Napoleon’s road to power in spite of the later surrender of the French troops.
It was as well the Polish Legions (commanded by General Jan Henryk Dąbrowski) that were under the command of Bonaparte.
Napoleon became the First Consul of the French Republic, and acted in the capacity of the Emperor of the French; he was the president and the King of Italy.
This brilliant strategist and statesman, the reformer of the political system and law (who introduced the so-called Napoleonic Code) is the person to whom owe free school education.
In the year 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte established the Bank of France in order to control finances and regulate loans. The European Central Bank, existing today, is its direct successor.
In the year 1802, Napoleon established secondary schools. It was in those very schools that students were educated according to a commonly-applicable curriculum, which made it possible for them to gain access to higher education institutions. We owe it to Bonaparte that education in school is free.
In the year 1804, Bonaparte drew up the Civil Code. This outstanding piece of legislation is still present in our life in spite of the passage of more than 200 years.
Napoleon instructed his armies to use the right-hand lane, and entire Europe followed in the footsteps of French. Therefore, all of us, the citizens of Europe, drive on the right-hand lane today; the exception is England – the land to which the power of Napoleon never extended.
Bonaparte could not stand corruption. In the year 1807, he established the Court of Auditors so as to have it monitor public finances. Today, no state could function without its financial accounts being supervised.
In the period of the Consulate, Napoleon proclaimed peace among religions. Owing to that, everyone could confess their faith, regardless of whether it was Catholic, Protestant or Jewish, and no group was above the law. Secular and religious authorities were separated. The majority of democratic societies were built in accordance with this model.
So as to facilitate sending letters, in the year 1805, Bonaparte determined the rules of assigning numbers to buildings in Paris, making them dependent on the location of street in relations to the Seine. This system was later adopted in other countries.
Napoleon Bonaparte was particularly worshipped by Poles in the period of the existence of the Duchy of Warsaw.
Bonaparte thought highly about Poles, and is known to have said: ’There is nothing impossible for my Poles’.
On 22nd July, 1807, in Dresden, Bonaparte granted the Duchy of Warsaw a constitution, based upon French law. The Constitution abolished the serfdom of peasants, making this social group ’free’ people, and handing over the power over the Duchy to the nobility, and also (to a smaller degree) to townspeople. The citizens gained equal legal status.
Napoleon was scared to death of cats, obsessed about the Great Pyramid of Giza, and his IQ amounted to 150.
This brilliant strategist and commander would frequently take a fifteen-minute nap during the most important battles, and, contrary to appearances, liked being surrounded by tall persons in particular, when he was appearing in public.
When a certain item turned out to be beyond the reach of the ’short corporal’s’ hands, Napoleon responded to a soldier’s proposal that, being greater, he would reach for it for the Emperor: ’(You are) not greater, just taller’.
One of the theories assumes that Napoleon died from stomach cancer, yet, the cause of his death is not entirely clear.
The last battle ever fought by the Emperor was the Battle of Waterloo, in which he was defeated.